|Befreiungskriege National Monument|
30th - Generalleutenant Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg signs Convention of Tauroggen with the Russians by which his Prussian Corps defects from the French Grande Armee.
Prussian General Yorck and Russian General von Diebitsch sign the Convention of Tauroggen.
4th - French evacuate Koenigsberg and retreat to the Vistula. Tzar Alexander resolves to continue the war into Poland and Germany.
|Tzar Alexander I|
11th - A French Senatus consultum mobilizes 350,000 men: 100,000 men from classes 1809 to 1812; 150,000 men from class 1813 and 100,000 men from the National Guard.
12th - Russians cross the river Niemen.
16th - Russians besiege Danzig.
|Klemens von Metternich|
19th - Napoleon has an interview with Pope Pius VII at Fontainebleau.
24th - Metternich informs Napoleon that Austria is withdrawing from its alliance with France.
25th - A new Concordat is signed at Fontainebleau.
26th - Joachim Murat is received by Napoleon and accused of abandoning his army.
1st - The Count of Provence publishes a message to the French people from his residence of Hartwell, England.
|King Frederick William III|
5th - A Senatus consultum organizes regency.
5th - East Prussian estates decree formation of a landwehr.
10th - The King of Prussia orders a mass conscription in his entire kingdom.
18th - Russians enter Warsaw.
26th - Russia and Prussia sign secret treaty of alliance at Kalisch.
1st - French abandon the line of the Oder, leaving garrisons in Stettin, Küstrin, Glogau, and Spandau.
4th - The Russians enter Berlin.
11th - The Count of Provence reminds his rights to the throne in a manifesto.
12th - French evacuate Hamburg.
17th - Prussian declares war on France. The French evacuate Dresden. French abandon the line of the upper Elbe and fall back towards the Saale.
22nd - Russians enter Dresden.
24th - Pope Pius VII retracts and denounces the Concordat of Fontainebleau.
29th - Russia and Austria sign a secret pact.
30th - Establishment of a Regency Council: Empress Marie-Louise becomes regent and Jean-Jacques Régis de Cambacérès is appointed privy councilor.
31st - Russians enter Leipzig.
15th - Napoleon departs for the army.
25th - Arrival of the Emperor in Erfurt, where he assumes command.
1st - Death of Marshal Bessières, Duke of Istria.
2nd - Battle of Lützen
Battle of Lützen
8th - Napoleon enters the city of Dresden, which has been abandoned by the allied sovereigns.
10th - With Napoleon present, the army crosses the river Elbe.
Battle of Bautzen
26th - Battle of Haynau
27th - The Allies retreat towards Breslau.
29th - Marshal Davout resumes Hamburg.
4th - An armistice for two months is signed at Pläswitz.
6th - Battle of Luckau
14th - Great Britain and Prussia sign the Treaty of Reichenbach, the first gives the latter a subsidy of 666,660 pounds sterling to continue the war.
15th - Great Britain gives Russia 1,333,334 pounds to continue the war.
29th - The command of the Prussian army is entrusted to General der Kavalrie Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher.
General Blucher at Bautzen
10th - Napoleon, anticipating the resumption of hostilities, is celebrating his birthday in advance at Dresden. The King and the princes of Saxony attend a parade which gathers forty thousand men.
Battle of Grossbeeren
11th - Denunciation of the armistice. Austrians and Prussians join up.
12th - Austria receives 500,000 pounds from Great Britain and declares war on France.
Battle of Katzbach
14th - Blücher initiates the hostilities.
17th - Armistice of Pläswitz ends. (See blog post)
23rd - Battle of Grossbeeren. (See blog post)
26th - Battle of Katzbach. (See blog post)
26th - Battle of Dresden begins. (See blog post)
Battle of Dresden
27th - The Battle of Dresden continues. General Jean Victor Marie Moreau, who had joined the Russian ranks, is mortally wounded on the battlefield. Blücher retreats.
30th - Battle of Kulm.
Battle of Kulm
3rd - Napoleon pursues Blücher
Battle of Dennewitz
6th - Battle of Dennewitz., Marshal Ney is beaten by the Prussians under Bülow.
6th - Battle of Feistritz
17th - Second Battle of Kulm
18th - Battle of the Göhrde
Battle of the Göhrde
23rd - Prussians retreat to the river Spree.
28th - Battle of Altenberg
3rd - Battle of Wartenburg.
Battle of Wartenburg
8th - Bavaria defects and joins the coalition in the Treaty of Ried.
9th - Call in advance of class 1815 (160,000 men).
16th - The Battle of Leipzig begins.
Battle of Leipzig
18th - The Battle of Leipzig ends. The Württemberg and Saxon Army defects to the Allies.
19th - Retreat of the French army.
30th - Battle of Hanau.
Battle of Hanau
2nd - French army evacuates Frankfurt and crosses back the river Rhine.
3rd - The King of Württemberg joins the Allies.
7th - Napoleon leaves Mainz.
9th - Napoleon arrives at Saint-Cloud.
10th - Battle of Nivelle.
Battle of Nivelle
12th - The Allies arrive at Dusseldorf
16th - Uprising against the French in Amsterdam.
22nd - The Russians arrive at Amsterdam.
25th - Defection of the Grand Duke of Baden.
30th - The Prince of Orange lands in Holland.
Völkerschlachtdenkmal, Monument to the Battle of Nations
2nd - The Allies cross the river Rhine.
9th - Evacuation of Breda by the French.
10th - The British land in Tuscany.
12th - The Treaty of Valençay between France and Ferdinand VII recognizes him as King of Spain.
15th - Armistice is signed between Russia and the King of Denmark.
21st - The Allied armies enter Switzerland.
Blucher and the Prussians cross the Rhine.
23rd - The Austrians appear in Alsace.
26th - Twenty-three senators and councilors of state are sent in the military divisions; they act as special commissioners to expedite the conscription and national guards.
29th - Siege of Danzig ends.
29th - French Legislature, by 223 votes against 51, votes a report of its committees, condemning "the ambitious activity" of the Emperor, asking him to declare that he will continue the war for independence and territorial integrity of France, and begging to keep the laws that guarantee to French a free exercise of their political rights.
30th - Occupation of Geneva by the Austrians.
31st - Napoleon adjourns the Legislature and bans the printing of the report voted on the 29th..